The beginning of the school year for chemistry teachers means... #1: atomic structure, and #2: how to read the periodic table. Looking for some fresh ideas? Here is a list of resources you can use to introduce and explore the periodic table.
1. ORGANIZING A STORE: Before diving into the periodic table and how it is organized, you can ask students how a grocery store is organized. What are the sections of the store? What foods go together in certain aisles? Then you can relate it to the periodic table- elements in the same family have similar characteristics.
2. TARSIA PUZZLE: Tarsia puzzles are a great way to review vocabulary terms. Students arrange the puzzle so the vocabulary word is on one triangle, and the matching definition is on the complementary triangle. You can find the puzzle here.
3. BINGO: One way to familiarize students with elements on the periodic table is by playing bingo. You can find more information at this blog post.
4. BATTLESHIP: I came across this periodic table battleship idea and thought it looked so fun! I haven't tried it with students but I bet they would love it. You can find the directions here.
5. THE NAME GAME: Here is a fun name game you can do with students! It is a free lesson you can download from Biology Roots on TpT.
6. BUILD A TABLE: Looking for a class project (and some free classroom decor?) Have students research an element and build a periodic table on your classroom wall. You can find this free lesson from Crazy Science Lady on TpT.
7. PERIODIC TABLE INTERACTIVE GAME: Looking for some digital options? Check out this game where students have to click on given elements.
8. CHOICE BOARD: Choice boards are great end-of-unit activities students can work on. If you have students that finish their work quickly and have some time to fill, check out this digital choice board.
9. PODCAST: The Royal Society of Chemistry has an interactive site where students can click on an element and listen to a podcast episode. You can check it out here.
10. PTABLE: Looking for a deeper dive into the periodic table? Head to ptable.com. Aside from just the basics, you can check out an element's electronegativity value, melting point, boiling point, density, and more. (You can also download some lesson ideas that go with this site here).
11. 3D PERIODIC TABLE: This website has a 3D periodic table where students can analyze different trends. It's really fun to play around with!
Moving onto polarity and electronegativity next? Check out this blog post with more resources!
As a biology teacher, when I introduce the characteristics of life at the beginning of the year we discuss the term homeostasis. Students seem to remember the term for about a week, and it vanishes from their memory. When we could circle back to the term during cells (when observing water rushing in and out of cells during osmosis), very few students would remember the term.
Even though homeostasis is something they focus more on in anatomy, I decided I wanted to dive a little deeper into the topic with my biology students to make it "stick." Instead of just discussing it as a characteristic of life and moving on, I added some fun activities to help them remember it better. It has definitely helped!
Here is a round-up of resources you can use while teaching homeostasis:
1. AMOEBA SISTERS- This Youtube video may go into a little more depth than biology teachers need to cover, but it's still a great video. They also have worksheets that accompany the videos on their website.
2. PBS INTERACTIVE- Here is a quick interactive from PBS you can use with students. In this "body control center" activity students need to monitor the person's pulse, oxygen, blood pressure, body temperature, and glucose level. Students will learn that our body systems and responses are all connected.
3. BIOMAN INTERACTIVE- This "endocrine ed" interactive goes into more detail than the PBS version, so if you are looking for a more detailed virtual activity, be sure to check it out.
4. OSMOSIS- If your students know how to use microscopes, you can have them observe a wet mount of plant cells (elodea works great!) in fresh water and salt water. What happens to the cells when you add salt water and why? What would happen if you drank salt water?
5. HOMER-OSTASIS LAB- This is a popular lab where students need to keep Homer Simpson alive for 5 minutes by monitoring his temperature, water level and concentration. There are a few versions of this lab floating around on the internet, you can find one version here.
6. CASE STUDIES- If you haven't seen University of Buffalo's case studies, then you need to check them out! (The case studies are all free, and there is a 1 time yearly fee for the answer keys). When you search for homeostasis case studies, many pop up that may be too difficult for high school biology students, but you could check out "Do grasshoppers sweat?" or "The 2000 meter row."
7. ARTICLE- Here is a one page reading comprehension on homeostasis by Elly Thorson that is free on teachers pay teachers.
8. STATION LAB- Looking to have your students get up and moving around the room? In this engaging station activity, students will rotate through 10 stations and complete a quick activity relating to homeostasis at each station.
I hope those are useful for you! If you want to check out ideas for teaching the characteristics of life, head over to this blog post!
US teachers- are you tired of reviewing the metric system every year? Multiple times a year? It's almost as if students completely forget the difference between a meter and a centimeter every summer.
The first week of school I dive right into content... I don't waste days doing icebreakers, going over classroom procedures, or discussing lab safety rules (we worry about those as we go). I like to review how to set up a controlled experiment, identify variables, and measurement/metrics practice.
Here are some activities you can use to review metrics with your students:
1. Start by giving students reference points to remember. For example...
2. If your students need practice reviewing the different metric units of length, head to a local Ikea and grab some of their paper rulers. You can cut them up easily and show students the difference between a meter, decimeter, centimeter, and millimeter. Head to this blog post for more details.
3. A fun activity for the first week of school is a metrics scavenger hunt. Give students some measurements and have them look for objects around the room that are close to the same measurement. For example, "find an object that is 10.5cm long." You can download a free worksheet here.
4. Check out these metrics resources from The Science Spot.
5. To keep students sharp the whole year, try a monthly metric contest. Give them a question such as "guess the mass of this jar of jelly beans, guess the length of your hair," etc. Have students submit their answers on a small notecard and whoever is closest at the end of the month wins a prize.
6. Do your students need some triple beam balance practice? Here is a virtual balance students can practice with.
7. If you are looking for a quick formative assessment activity, check out this metric system tarsia puzzle.
8. Ever heard of a metric olympics? Design olympic themed challenges for students where they practice measurement skills. Challenges could include a straw javelin throw, a paper plate discus, or cotton ball shot put. (If you do some google searching, you should be able to find templates for this).
9. Interactive diagrams are a great way to review content, especially for students who need a little extra help or absent students who missed the lesson. Check out this interactive diagram on the metric system.
10. Use anchor charts or classroom posters to keep measurement front of mind for students. You can make your own or check out some I made here.
What other ways do you review the metric system? Drop me a comment!
At the beginning of the year, it's good to review graphing and make your expectations clear on what you expect when students turn in a graph.
Here is a round-up of resources you can use to practice graphing with students:
1. Graphing Checklist: A great way to reinforce your graphing expectations is to have them visible for students. This graphing checklist can be placed in student binders or hung on the wall for students to reference when they work on a graph.
2. Turner's Graph of the Week: This stellar website has a weekly graphing worksheet that is sure to engage students. Graphing topics are timely, relevant, and engaging. Don't miss this one!
3. Graphing Stories: This website has video clips students watch, analyze and create a graph from. (Most are motion related, so great for physical science teachers).
4. Smart Graphs: This digital activity has students read through a scenario and decide which is the best type of graph to represent events in the story.
5. ACS: Here are a series of graphing activities from American Chemical Society.
6. Graphing Lesson: My friend Tammy over at The Morehouse Magic created this free powerpoint and quiz to review graphing with your students.
7. Graphing Analysis: Here is another graphing freebie on TpT, this time from Amy Brown Science.
8. What's going on in this graph? In this series from the New York Times, students check out graphs that are published weekly. Ask your students- What do you notice? What do you wonder? What's going on?
9. Create a Graph: Want students to practice creating their own graphs digitally? If you don't think your students are ready to tackle Excel graphs, try out this website- it's more user friendly.
10. How to Spot a Misleading Graph: This Ted-Ed video shows students how graphs can be misleading to viewers. Brings up great discussion points!
What other graphing activities do you love? Drop me a comment!
Bell work... Bell ringers... Do-nows... Warm ups. Whatever you call them, it is important to have some sort of routine at the beginning of the class period. Your day will run so much smoother when students walk into class and know what to begin working on without being told.
I love using daily bell work assignments because:
Here are some ideas on what you can use for bellwork.
Some teachers like to do the same type of bellwork every day and others like to vary it Monday-Friday. Do what works for you!
How you decide to grade bellwork is completely up to you (and will depend on the activity). I tend to stamp for completion each day, turn in on Fridays, and add up the stamps for credit. It's easy points- all students have to do is show up and give effort. Whatever method you choose- don't create a bunch of work for yourself. You have enough to grade without the added stress of bellwork.
I hope you find a few of those ideas useful!
I'm a big fan of changing out bulletin board decor with each unit. It can be as simple as changing out some anchor charts or reference posters to match what you are currently teaching. But if you want to take it one step further, try making your bulletin boards interactive!
I love interactive bulletin boards because they:
- Increase student engagement,
- Build a sense of classroom community, and
- Help you fill those last few minutes of class if they finish their work early.
Here are some bulletin board ideas for you!
I made these famous scientist posters and hung them in my classroom so students could see a diverse range of scientists.
@Mrsjones_science took it a step further and had her students do research on one scientist each month! They looked up some facts about the scientist, added it to a sticky note, and put it on the board. I think it looks great!
Posting QR codes on a bulletin board is a great way to keep students engaged during a lesson. They can scan the QR code, read about a topic or complete a task, and rotate to the next one. This solar system interactive board comes from Paths to Literacy (you can even download the QR codes here!)
Teaching food chains and webs? Check out this bulletin board set where students identify feeding relationships in a grassland ecosystem. Simply hang the cards with thumbtacks and students attach string between the tacks. You can find the cards here.
Sometimes students have questions that don't relate to the lesson (so you don't have time to answer it right then) or a question you don't have the answer to. This burning questions board from @Captivatescience is a great place to leave questions you can come back to later.
Bridget from @MissBossScience had her students research a constellation and add it to this interactive bulletin board display. She hole punched stars they glued on, but you could also use brass thumbtacks if you have them on hand.
National parks are amazing places to visit. Have students research a national park, fill out an info card, and locate it on a map on a bulletin board. You can find a template here.
Do you have students that like to color? You can hang up some science coloring pages on a bulletin board that students can color during the last few minutes of class. Download some free ones here!
For this bulletin board, I wanted students to think about future goals they had. And not small goals (like passing a test) but BIG goals. What are their hopes and dreams? I printed out "Your Future is Limitless" for the top of the board and added a rocket with some leftover Christmas ribbon. The middle of the board says "what goal do you have for the future?" Students can add their goal to the board on a sticky note.
This one isn't science related, but I LOVE the idea of students building each other up. This Cheers for Peers board comes from @Headoverheelsforteaching. She put this in her staff workroom but it could also be done in your classroom. Who wouldn't love to see a nice note someone left for you?!
Are you teaching a new science class for the first time? Are you overwhelmed with what lab supplies you will need and how to spend (or save) your budget?
I've taught biology for many years, and compiled a list of 20 must-have items to get you started. Some materials can be found at the dollar store, while others will need to be ordered from a science supplier and will eat up some of your budget. If you have any questions be sure to drop me a comment!
I've also teamed up with some other stellar science teachers and included lists for earth science, chemistry, physics, and anatomy. Check them out below!
Protein synthesis is not one of my favorite biology topics to teach. It can be a big enough struggle to get students understanding all those A's, U's, C's, and G's, and then even MORE of a struggle to get them understanding the bigger picture on how that code translates to a trait. But, I have a fun way for you to review the amino acid wheel chart with your students! --> BINGO.
I was recently at Dollar Tree and found this bingo cage with 60 balls, cards, and chips for a buck! The balls are numbered on one side, but I grabbed a sharpie and wrote some A's, U's, C's and G's on the back. Break off the balls, place them in the cage, and get ready to have some fun!
Students are given a bingo card that has amino acids listed. (You can also give them a blank bingo card and have them choose their own amino acids). Begin by giving the cage a spin and remove 3 balls. Call out the three letters in the order they left the cage. Students look up the three amino acids on the codon wheel chart and cover it up on their bingo card.
Can't find the bingo cage at your local dollar store? They are also available to purchase on Amazon, or you can buy ping pong balls instead (which are a little easier to pick up) and pull them out of a plastic tub.
Want some other protein synthesis lesson ideas? Check out this blog post.
As a scientist and person who greatly appreciates the natural world, I love visiting national parks. They are spectacular places! You can weave them into science units such as:
Here are some activities you can use to show students the wonder of national parks:
1. National Parks Service: The NPS has a ton of free lesson plans you can explore. As you search, you can filter based on lesson type, grade, or park.
You can also show this video clip on how the national park service got started.
2. Virtual Field Trip: Have students take a virtual field trip to a park of their choice using Google Earth. All they have to do is type in the name of the park and begin exploring! You can have them look for natural landforms, watersheds, or evidence of human impacts on the environment.
3. National Park Bulletin Board: Have students choose a national park, complete some background research, and add it to an interactive bulletin board. (This is a great activity for a few extra credit points or an early finisher activity).
4. Travel Brochure: Have students create a travel brochure for a park of their choice. What should visitors pack? What cool landforms will they see? Any rare plants or animals?
5. PBS National Park video series: Check out this 6 part video series from PBS on National Parks .
6. National Parks Adventure: The Smithsonian Institute has an educator guide called "national parks adventure" that includes a series of lesson plans and activities on national parks.
This one isn't lesson plan related, but I got one of these National Park scratch posters as a gift and it is so fun! If you would like to visit them all some day, it's a must have (affiliate link).
When you were a kid did you ever read the "choose your own ending" books? You would read and then it would give you two scenarios and you could choose how you wanted the story to continue? I always liken those to dichotomous keys when introducing them to students. You get two scenarios, choose one, and follow where it tells you to go.
Why do we use dichotomous keys? They are an identification and classification tool. If you are looking at a plant in your backyard and want to identify it and it's scientific name, we use a dichotomous key.
Dichotomous keys are fun for students and they get the hang of them quickly.
Here are some activities you can use to teach dichotomous keys:
1. I begin by using a powerpoint that teaches students how dichotomous keys work. You can find it here.
2. Ready to practice? Here is a mollusk activity from Cornell.
3. This fun activity from Carolina Biological uses a flower dissection and dichotomous key to help solve a crime.
4. Generally we use dichotomous keys in biology, but they can be used for other things too! Here is a cloud identification dichotomous key from NASA.
5. Here is an interactive fish identification dichotomous key that is fully virtual! Perfect if your students have computer access.
6. Ready to have students build their own? Head to your local dollar store and grab an assorted bag of animals (I found frogs when I looked). Have students lay them out on a whiteboard, sort them into two categories as they go, and create a dichotomous key. Using whiteboards allows them to correct any mistakes.
7. Here is another option for students building their own key that uses fun looking monsters.
If you have any other fun ways to teach dichotomous keys, leave me a comment! You might also want to check out this blog post that has resources for teaching cladograms.